Arnold Toynbee

Arnold J. Toynbee was the internationally renowned British historian who taught at Oxford and wrote a 12 volume analysis of the rise and fall of civilizations. In the 1918-1950 period he was a leading consultant to the British government on Mid Eastern affairs.

A long term advocate of global governance, he was very popular in the United States.  On March 17, 1947 he appeared on the cover of Time Magazine. In the New York Times Magazine  of April 5, 1964, he wrote a compelling article titled, “It is One World or No World.”